NANO facilities
NANO people
NANO graphene
The Nano@HMU Group, headed by Prof. Emmanuel Kymakis, is a research unit within the Dept. of Electrical & Computer Engineering of the Hellenic Mediterranean University, working on the realization of solution processable electronic and energy devices. NANO@HMU is renowned for its achievements on interfacial engineering of perovskite and organic solar cells for improved performance and stability, and on performance evaluation of PV systems in outdoor conditions.
The group coordinates the postgraduate programme "MSc in Nanotechnology for Energy Applications" developed in the framework of an Erasmus LLP project, co-organizes  the internationally conference "Nanotechnologies & Bionanoscience" and leads the WP11 Energy Generation of the FET-Flagship initiative Graphene .

Inter-institutional M.Sc in Nanotechnology for Energy Applications [HMU, UoC and IESL/FORTH]: February 2020


  • Organic & perovskite solar cells

    Interfacial engineering of solution processable organic and hybrid solar cells for improved performance and stability. Development of organic non-fullerene acceptors based organic solar cells, plasmonic organic and perovskite solar cells and carbon-based perovskite solar cells. Study of charge transfer dynamics and fundamental understanding of mechanisms of degradation. Adaption of low temperature and cost processes, targeting to short energy and CO2 payback times.
  • Industrialization of emerging PVs

    Development and engineering of transferable to industry roll-to-roll (R2R) and sheet-to-sheet (S2S) printing processes. Indoor and outdoor characterization and monitoring of PV modules and panels with IEC and ISOS protocols. Correlation of environmental data with PV performance under real and standardized conditions and side-by-side benchmark with other PV technologies. Life-cycle analysis and life cycle cost analysis based on real outdoor data.
  • Graphene and related 2D layered materials  

    Solution-phase processing of graphene and dichalcogenides for additive manufacturing platforms. Formulation of printable/sprayable 2D layered inks with tailored properties through chemical functionalization and doping processes. Understanding functionalization/doping mechanisms and optimizing interfaces for respective devices.

  • Printed electronics

    Development of printed electronics (TFTs, foldable OLEDs, sensors), supported miniaturized circuits, flexible energy devices and assembly of self-powered platforms for agriculture, smart wearables, IoT and industry 4.0 applications. Development of in-situ characterization techniques to measure material properties.
  • Healthcare devices

    Development of eye diseases preventative treatments by utilizing graphene-based micromesh and thin films deposited onto flexible substrates to construct contact lenses, photodynamic therapy drug delivery platforms and soft, skin-like epidermal health monitoring devices.
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Publications Covers 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 Graphene Flagship Before 2013

G. Kakavelakis, M. Gedda, A. Panagiotopoulos, E. Kymakis, T.D. Anthopoulos, K. Petridis Metal Halide Perovskites for High Energy Radiation Detection Advanced Science (2020) DOI: 10.1002/advs.202002098
J. Huang, S. Huang, Y. Zhao, B. Feng, K. Jiang, S. Sun, C. Ke, E. Kymakis, X. Zhuang Azulene‐Based Molecules, Polymers, and Frameworks for Optoelectronic and Energy Applications Small methods (2020) accepted
S. Zhuk, T.K.S. Wong, M. Petrović, E. Kymakis, S.S Hadke, S. Lie, L. H. Wong P. Sonar, A. Dey, S. Krishnamurthy, G. K. Dalapati
Solution Processed Pure Sulfide CZCTS Solar Cells with Efficiency 10.8% using Ultra-thin CuO Intermediate Layer
Solar RRL, 2020, 4, 2000293
K. Anagnostou, M. Stylianakis, G. Atsalakis, D. Kosmidis, A. Skouras, I.Stavrou, K. Petridis, E. Kymakis An Extensive Case Study on the Dispersion Parameters of HI-assisted Reduced Graphene Oxide and its Graphene Oxide Precursor Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2020, 580, 332-344
D. Tsikritzis, K. Rogdakis, K. Chatzimanolis K, M. Petrovic, N. Tzoganakis L. Najafi, B. Martín-García, R. Oropesa-Nuñez, S. Bellani, A.E. Del Rio Castillo, M. Prato, M. Stylianakis, F. Bonaccorso, E. Kymakis Two-fold engineering approach incorporating metallic Bi2Te3 flakes towards efficient and stable inverted perovskite solar cells Materials Advances, 2020, 1, 450-462
C. Zervos, M. Tountas, K. Chatzimanolis, C. Polyzoidis, E. Kymakis Evaluating the role of phenethylamine iodide as a novel anti-solvent for enhancing performance of inverted planar perovskite solar cells Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 2020, 8, 7143 - 7148
H.S. Kim, B. Yang, M. Stylianakis, E. Kymakis, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grӓtzel, A. Hagfeldt Improved Moisture- and Thermal-Stability of Perovskite Solar Cells by Incorporating Reduced Graphene Oxide Cell Reports Physical Science (2020) 1, 5, 100053
D. Zhao, K. Jiang, J. Li, X. Zhu, C. Ke, S. Han, E. Kymakis, X. Zhuang Supercapacitors with alternating current line-filtering performance BMC Materials (2020) 2, 3
E. Gagaoudakis, A. Panagiotopoulos, T. Maksudov, M. Moschogiannaki, D. Katerinopoulou, G. Kakavelakis, G. Kiriakidis, V. Binas, E. Kymakis, C.Petridis Self-powered, flexible and room temperature operated solution processed hybrid metal halide p-type sensing element for efficient hydrogen detection J. Phys.: Mater. (2020) 3, 014010
M. Krassas, C. Polyzoidis, P. Tzourmpakis, D. M. Kosmidis, G. Viskadouros, N. Kornilios, G. Charalambidis ,V. Nikolaou ,A. G. Coutsolelos ,K. Petridis, M. M. Stylianakis, E.Kymakis Benzothiadiazole Based Cascade Material to Boost the Performance of Inverted Ternary Organic Solar Cells Energies (2020) 13(2), 450
M. Stylianakis, D. Kosmidis, K. Anagnostou, C. Polyzoidis, M. Krassas, G. Kenanakis, G. Viskadouros, N. Kornilios, K. Petridis, E. Kymakis Emphasizing the Operational Role of a Novel Graphene-Based Ink into High Performance Ternary Organic Solar Cells Nanomaterials (2020) 10(1), 89
G. Perrakis, G. Kakavelakis, G. Kenananakis, C. Petridis, E. Stratakis, E. Kymakis Efficient and environmental-friendly perovskite solar cells via embedding plasmonic nanoparticles: an optical simulation study on realistic device architectures Optics Express (2019) 27, 22, 31144-31163
E. Serpetzoglou, I. Konidakis, T. Maksudov, A. Panagiotopoulos, E. Kymakis, E. Stratakis In situ monitoring of the charge carrier dynamics of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite crystallization process J. Mater. Chem. C. (2019) 7, 12170-12179
R. Meitzner et al. Impact of P3HT materials properties and layer architecture on OPV device stability Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells (2019) 202, 110151
M. Petrović, T. Maksudov, A. Panagiotopoulos, E. Serpetzoglou, I. Konidakis, M.M. Stylianakis, E. Stratakis, E. Kymakis Limitations of polymer-based hole transporting layer for application in planar inverted perovskite solar cells Nanoscale Adv., 2019, 1, 3107-3118
K. Anagnostou, M.M. Stylianakis, K. Petridis, E. Kymakis Building an Organic Solar Cell: Fundamental Procedures for Device Fabrication Energies (2019) 12 (11), 2188
M. Stylianakis, G. Viskadouros, C. Polyzoidis, G. Veisakis, G. Kenanakis, N. Kornilios, K. Petridis, E. Kymakis Updating the Role of Reduced Graphene Oxide Ink on Field Emission Devices in Synergy with Charge Transfer Materials     Nanomaterials (2019), 9(2), 137
E. Kymakis Interfacial Engineering of Perovskite Solar Cells for Improved Performance and Stability Advanced Materials Interfaces (2018), 5, 22, 1801595
I. Konidakis, T. Maksudov, E. Serpetzoglou, G. Kakavelakis, E. Kymakis, E. Stratakis

Improved Charge Carrier Dynamics of CH3NH3PbI3 Perovskite Films Synthesized by Means of Laser-Assisted Crystallization

ACS Appl. Energy Mater. (2018) 1 (9), 5101–5111
G. Kakavelakis, E. Kymakis, K. Petridis 2D Materials Beyond Graphene for Metal Halide Perovskite Solar Cells Advanced Materials & Interfaces (2018) 5, 22, 1800339
C. Petridis, G. Kakavelakis, E. Kymakis The renaissance of graphene-related materials in photovoltaics with the emergence of metal-halide perovskite solar cells Energy & Enviromental Science (2018) 11, 1030-1061
L. Ciammaruchi et al. Stability of organic solar cells with PCDTBT donor polymer: An interlaboratory study Journal of Materials Research (2018) 33, 13, 1909-1924
A. Kostopoulou, E. Kymakis, E. Stratakis Perovskite nanostructures for photovoltaic and energy storage devices J. Mater. Chem. A (2018) 6, 9765-9798
S. Papazoglou, C. Petridis, E. Kymakis, S. Kennou, Y. S. Raptis, S. Chatzandroulis, I. Zergioti In-situ sequential laser transfer and laser reduction of graphene oxide films Applied Physics Letters (2018) 112, 183301
G. Kakavelakis, I. Paradisanos, B. Paci, A. Generosi, M. Papachatzakis, T. Maksudov, L. Najafi, A.E. Castillo, G. Kioseoglou, E. Stratakis, F. Bonaccorso, E. Kymakis

Extending the continuous operating lifetime of perovskite solar cells with a molybdenum disulfide hole extraction interlayer

Advanced Energy Materials (2018) 8, 1702287
G. Kakavelakis, E. Gagaoudakis, K. Petridis, V. Petromichelaki, V. Binas, G. Kiriakidis, E. Kymakis A solution processed CH3NH3PbI3-xClx perovskite based self-powered ozone sensing element operated at room temperature ACS Sensors (2018), 3 (1),135–142
K. Petridis, G. Kakavelakis, M. Stylianakis, E. Kymakis Graphene Based Inverted Planar Perovskite Solar Cells: Advancements, Fundamental Challenges and Prospects Chemistry - An Asian Journal (2018)13, 3, 240–249
C .Chochos, A. Katsouras, S. Drakopoulou, C. Miskaki, M. Krassas, P. Tzourmpakis, G. Kakavelakis, C. Sprau, A. Colsmann, B. Squeo, V. Gregoriou, E. Kym akis, A.Avgeropoulos

Effects of alkyl side chains positioning and presence of fused aromatic units in the backbone of low-bandgap diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymers on the optoelectronic properties of organic solar cells

Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. (2018) 56, 138–146
E. Kymakis, D. Konios Graphene Oxide-Like Materials in Organic and Perovskite Solar Cells The Future of Semiconductor Oxides in Next-Generation Solar Cells (2018) 357–394
G. Kakavelakis, C. Petridis, E. Kymakis

Recent advances in plasmonic metal and rare-earth-element upconversion nanoparticles doped perovskite solar cells

Journal of Materials Chemistry A (2017) 5, 21604-21624
E. Serpetzoglou, I. Konidakis, G. Kakavelakis, T. Maksudov, E. Kymakis, E. Stratakis
Improved Carrier Transport in Perovskite Solar Cells Probed by Femtosecond Transient Absorption Spectroscopy
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (2017) 9, 50, 43910–43919
F. Biccari, F. Gabelloni, E. Burzi, M. Gurioli, S. Pescetelli, A. Agresti, A. Castillo, A. Ansaldo, E. Kymakis, F. Bonaccorso, A. Di Carlo, A. Vinattieri Advanced Energy Materials (2017) 7, 22, 1701349
M. Sygletou, C. Petridis, E. Kymakis, E. Stratakis Advanced Photonic Processes for Photovoltaic and Energy Storage Systems Advanced Materials (2017) 29, 39, 1700335
M. Stylianakis, D. Konios, C. Petridis, G. Kakavelakis, E. Stratakis, E. Kymakis

Ternary solution-processed organic solar cells incorporating 2D materials

2D Materials (2017) 4, 042005
M.M. Stylianakis, D. Konios, G. Viskadouros, D. Vernardou, N. Katsarakis, E. Koudoumas, S.H. Anastasiadis, E. Stratakis, E. Kymakis
Ternary organic solar cells incorporating zinc phthalocyanine with improved performance exceeding 8.5%
Dyes and Pigments (2017) 146, 408–413
G. Kakavelakis, A.E Del Rio Castillo, V. Pellegrini, A. Ansaldo, P. Tzourmpakis, R. Brescia, M. Prato, E. Stratakis, E. Kymakis, F. Bonaccorso Size-Tuning of WSe2 Flakes for High Efficiency Inverted Organic Solar Cells ACS Nano (2017) 11 (4), 3517–3531
A. Agresti, S. Pescetelli, A. Lorenzo, P.A.E. Del Rio Castillo, D. Konios, G. Kakavelakis, S. Razza, L. Cinà, E. Kymakis, F. Bonaccorso, A. Di Carlo Graphene Interface Engineering for Perovskite Solar Modules: 12.6% Power Conversion Efficiency over 50 cm2 Active Area  ACS Energy Letters (2017) 2, 279–287
G. Kakavelakis, T. Maksudov, D. Konios, I. Paradisanos, G. Kioseoglou, E. Stratakis, E. Kymakis Efficient and Highly Air Stable Planar Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells with Reduced Graphene Oxide doped PCBM Electron Transporting Layer Advanced Energy Materials (2017) 7, 7, 1602120
I. Paradisanos, S. Germanis, N. T. Pelekanos, C. Fotakis, E. Kymakis, G. Kioseoglou, E. Stratakis Room temperature observation of biexcitons in exfoliated WS2monolayers Appl. Phys. Lett. (2017) 110, 193102
C. Petridis, K. Savva, E. Kymakis, E. Stratakis Laser generated nanoparticles based photovoltaics Journal of Colloid and Interface Science (2017), 489, 1,28–37
Paci B., Kakavelakis G., Generosi A., Albertini V., Wright J., Ferrero C., Konios D., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Improving stability of organic devices: a time/space resolved structural monitoring approach applied to plasmonic photovoltaics Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells (2017) 159, 617-624.
K.T. Cho, G. Grancini, Y. Lee, D. Konios, S. Paek, E. Kymakis, M.K. Nazeeruddin Beneficial Role of Reduced Graphene Oxide for Electron Extraction in Highly Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells ChemSusChem, 2016, 9,1, 3040-3044.
Kakavelakis G., Vangelidis I., Heuer-Jungemann A., Kanaras A.G., Lidorikis E., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Plasmonic Backscattering Effect in High Efficient Organic Photovoltaic Devices (2016) Advanced Energy Materials, 6, 2, 1501640 [Appeared as the back cover of Adv. Energy Mater.]
Paradisanos I, Pliatsikas N., Patsalas P., Fotakis C., Kymakis E., Kioseoglou G., E. Stratakis Spatial Non-Uniformity in Exfoliated WS2 Single Layers (2016) Nanoscale 8, 16197-16203
Petridis C., Konios D., Stylianakis M.M., Kakavelakis G., Sygletou M., Savva K., Tzourbakis P., Krassas M.,Vaenas N., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Solution-Processed Reduced Graphene Oxide Electrodes for Organic Photovoltaics (2016) Nanoscale Horizons, 2016,1, 375-382
Konios D., Kakavelakis G., Petridis C., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. High efficient organic photovoltaic devices utilizing work-function tuned graphene oxide derivatives as the anode and cathode charge extraction layer (2016) Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4, 1612-1623
Agresti A., Pescetelli S.,Cina L., Konios D., Kakavelakis G., Kymakis E., Di Carlo A. Efficiency and stability enhancement in perovskite solar cells by inserting lithium-neutralized graphene oxide as the electron transporting layer (2016) Advanced Functional Materials, 26, 16, 2686-2694
Noori K., Hubener H., Kymakis E., Giustino F. Modelling graphene quantum dot functionalization via EDNB (2016) Applied Physics Letters, 108, 123902
Sygletou M., Tzourmpakis P., Petridis C., Konios D., Fotakis C., Kymakis E., Stratakis E. Laser induced nucletion of plasmonic nanoparticles on two-dimensional nanosheets for organic photovoltaics (2016) Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4, 1020-1027
Noori K., Konios D., Stylianakis M., Kymakis E., Giustino F. Energy-level alignment and open-circuit voltage at graphene/polymer interfaces: Theory and experiment (2016) 2D Materials, 3,1, 015003
Viskadouros G., Konios D., Kymakis E., Stratakis E. Electron Field Emission from Graphene Oxide Wrinkles (2016) RSC Advances, 6, 2768-2773
Vaenas N., Konios D., Stergiopoulos T., Kymakis E. Slow photocharging and reduced hysteresis in low-temperature processed planar perovskite solar cells (2015) RSC Advances , 5, 107771
Paci B., Kakavelakis G., Generosi A., Albertini V., Wright J., Ferrero C., Konios D., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Stability enhancement of organic photovoltaic devices utilizing partially reduced graphene oxide as the hole transport layer: nanoscale insight into structural/interfaces properties and aging effects (2015) RSC Advances, 5, 106930-106940
Stylianakis M.M., Konios D., Kakavelakis G., Charalambidis G., Stratakis E., Coutsolelos A.G., Kymakis E., Anastasiadis S.H. Efficient ternary organic photovoltaics incorporating graphene-based porphyrin molecule as a universal electron cascade material (2015) Nanoscale, 7, 17827-17835
Krassas M., Kakavelakis G., Stylianakis M.M., Vaenas N., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Efficiency enhancement of organic photovoltaic devices by embedding uncapped Al nanoparticles in the hole transport layer (2015) RSC Advances, 5, 71704-71708
Heuer-Jungemann A., Kiessling L., Stratakis E., Kymakis E., El-Sagheer A.H., Brown T., Kanaras A.G. Programming the assembly of gold nanoparticles on graphene oxide sheets using DNA (2015) Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 3, 3979-9384
Sygletou M., Kakavelakis G., Paci B., Generosi A., Kymakis E., Stratakis E. Enhanced stability of Aluminum nanoparticles doped organic solar cells (2015) ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 7, 32, 17756-17764
Balis N., Konios D., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Ternary organic solar cells with reduced graphene oxide-Sb2S3 hybrid nanosheets as the cascade material (2015) ChemNanoMat, 5, 346-352 [Appeared in the back cover of ChemNanoMat]
Lin Y.H., Faber H., Labram J.G., Stratakis E., Sygellou L., Kymakis E., Hastas N.A., Li R., Zhao K., Amassian A., Treat N.D., McLachlan M., Anthopoulos T.D. High Electron Mobility Thin-Film Transistors Based on Solution-Processed Semiconducting Metal Oxide Heterojunctions and Quasi-Superlattices (2015) Advanced Science, 2(7), 1500058
Sygellou L., Viskadouros G., Petridis C., Kymakis E., Galiotis C., Tassis D., Stratakis E., Sygellou L., Viskadouros G., Petridis C., Kymakis E., Galiotis C., Tassis D., Stratakis E. Effect of the reduction process on the field emission performance of reduced graphene oxide cathodes (2015) RSC Advances, 5, 53604-5361
Kymakis E., Spyropoulos G.D., Fernandes R., Kakavelakis G., Kanaras A.G., Stratakis E. Plasmonic bulk heterojunction solar cells: The role of nanoparticle ligand coating (2015) ACS Photonics, 2 (6), 714-72
Bonaccorso F., Balis N., Stylianakis M.M., Savarese M., Adamo C., Gemmi M., Pellegrini V., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Functionalized Graphene as an Electron Cascade Acceptor for Air Processed Organic Ternary Solar Cells, (2015) Advanced Functional Materials, 25, 5, 3870-3880
Stylianakis M.M.,Sygletou M., Savva K., Kakavelakis G., Kymakis E., Stratakis E. Photochemical Synthesis of Solution-Processable Graphene Derivatives with Tunable Bandgaps for Organic Solar Cells (2015) Advanced Optical Materials, 5, 658-666 [Appeared in the inside front cover of Adv.Opt.Mater]
Konios D., Petridis C.,Kakavelakis G., Sygletou M., Savva K., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Reduced graphene oxide micromesh electrodes for large area, flexible organic photovoltaic devices (2015) Advanced Functional Materials, 25, 15, 2213-2221 [Appeared in the inside front cover of Adv. Funct. Mater]
Kymakis E., Petridis C., Anthopoulos T.D., Stratakis E. Laser-Assisted Reduction of Graphene Oxide for Flexible, Large-Area Optoelectronics (2014) IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 20 (1) , art. no. 6573325
Viskadouros G., Stylianakis M.M., Kymakis E., Stratakis E. Enhanced Field Emission from Reduced Graphene Oxide Polymer Composites (2014) ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 6(1), pp 388-393
Viskadouros, G., Zak A., Stylianakis, M.M., Kymakis, E, Tenne, R., Stratakis, E. Enhanced Field Emission from WS2 nanotubes, (2014) Small, 10, 2398-2403
Kakavelakis G., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Synergetic Plasmonic Effect of Al and Au Nanoparticles for Efficiency Enhancement of Air Processed Organic Photovoltaic Devices, (2014) Chemical Communications, 50 (40), 5285-5287 [2014 Emerging Investigators Issue]
Savva K., Lin A.Y-H., Petridisc C., Kymakis E., Anthopoulos T.H., Stratakis E. In-situ Photo-Induced Chemical Doping of Solution-Processed Graphene Oxide for Electronic Applications, (2014) Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 2, 5931-5937
Konios D., Stylianakis M.M., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Dispersion behavior of graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide (2014) Journal of Colloid And Interface Science (2014), 430, 108-112
Paradisanos I., Kymakis E., Fotakis C., Kioseoglou G., Stratakis E. Intense femtosecond photoexcitation of bulk and monolayer MoS2,(2014) Applied Physics Letters (2014), 105, 041108
Pattanasattayavong P.,Sygletou M., Kymakis E., Stratakis E.,Yan F.,Gregoriou V.G., Anthopoulos T.H., Chochos C.L. The Role of Ethynylene Bond on the Optical and Electronic Properties of Diketopyrrolopyrrole Copolumers (2014) RSC Advances, 4 (102), 58404-58411
Viskadouros, G., Konios D., Kymakis, E, Stratakis, E. Direct laser writing of flexible graphene field emitters (2014) Applied Physics Letters, 105, 203104
Kymakis E., Savva K., Stylianakis M.M., Fotakis, C.,Stratakis E. Flexible Organic Photovoltaic Cells with In-situ Non-thermal Photoreduction of Spin Coated Graphene Oxide (2013) Advanced Functional Materials, 23, 2742-2749
Petridis C. , Savva K. , Lin Y. , Eda G. , Kymakis E., Anthopoulos T.D., Stratakis E. Post-fabrication, in-situ laser reduction of graphene oxide devices (2013) Applied Physics Letters, 102, 093115
Stratakis E., Stylianakis M., Koudoumas E., Kymakis E. Plasmonic organic photovoltaic devices with graphene based buffer layers for stability and efficiency enhancement (2013) Nanoscale, 5 (10), 4144-4150
Beliatis M.,Henley S., Han S., Gandhi K., Adikaari D., Stratakis E., Kymakis E., Silva S. R. Organic Solar Cells with Plasmonic Layers Formed by Laser Nanofabrication (2013) Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 15, 8237-8244
Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Nanoparticles-based Plasmonic Organic Photovoltaic Devices (2013) Materials Today, 16 (4), 133-146
Kakavelakis G., Stratakis E., Kymakis E. Aluminum nanoparticles for efficient and stable organic photovoltaics (2013) RSC Advances, 3 (37), 16288-16291
Paci B., Bailo D., Albertini V., Wright J., Ferrero C., Spyropoulos G.D., Stratakis E.,Kymakis, E. Spatially-resolved in-situ Structural Study of Organic Electronic Devices with Nanoscale Resolution: the Plasmonic Photovoltaics Case Study (2013) Advanced Materials, 25(34), 4760-4765
Kymakis, E., Stylianakis, M.M., Spyropoulos, G.D., Stratakis, E., Koudoumas, E., Fotakis C. Spin coated carbon nanotubes as the hole transport layer in organic photovoltaics (2012) Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 96 (1), pp. 298-301
Stylianakis, M.M., Kymakis, E. Efficiency enhancement of organic photovoltaics by addition of carbon nanotubes into both active and hole transport layer (2012) Applied Physics Letters, 100 (9), art. no. 093301 [Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, 25, 11 (2012)]
Stratakis E., Eda G., Yamaguchi,H. Kymakis E., Fotakis C., Chhowalla M. Free-standing graphene on microstructured silicon vertices for enhanced field emission properties (2012) Nanoscale, 4,3069-3074
Spyropoulos G.D , Stylianakis M.M., Stratakis, E., Kymakis, E Organic bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices with surfactant- free Au nanoparticles embedded in the active layer (2012) Applied Physics Letters, 100, 213904 [Virtual Journal of Ultrafast Science, 11, 6 (2012)]
Stylianakis M.M., Stratakis, E., Koudoumas E.,Kymakis E, Anastasiadis S.H. (2012) ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 4 (9), pp 4864-4870
Paci, B.,G.D., Generosi, A., Bailo, D., Albertini, V.R., Spyropoulos G.D., Stratakis, E., Kymakis Enhancement of photo/thermal stability of organic bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices via gold nanoparticles doping of the active layer, (2012) Nanoscale, 4, 7452-7459
Kymakis, E., Stratakis, E., Koudoumas, E., Fotakis, C. Plasmonic organic photovoltaic devices on transparent carbon nanotube films, (2011) IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 58 (3), art. no. 5701662, pp. 860-864
Spyropoulos, G.D., Stylianakis, M., Stratakis, E., Kymakis, E. Plasmonic organic photovoltaics doped with metal nanoparticles , (2011) Photonics and Nanostructures-Fundamentals and Applications, 9 (2), pp. 184-189.[ Sciencedirect Top 25 Hottest Articles, July-September 2011 [1st], Jan-Dec 2011 [2nd]]
Paci, B., Spyropoulos, G.D., Generosi, A., Bailo, D., Albertini, V.R., Stratakis, E., Kymakis, E. Enhanced structural stability and performance durability of bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices incorporating metallic nanoparticles, (2011) Advanced Functional Materials, 21 (18), pp. 3573-3582
Kymakis, E., Stratakis, E., Stylianakis, M.M., Koudoumas, E., Fotakis, C. Spin coated graphene films as the transparent electrode in organic photovoltaic devices, (2011) Thin Solid Films, 520 (4), pp. 1238-1241
Stylianakis, M.M., Mikroyannidis, J.A., Kymakis, E. A facile, covalent modification of single-wall carbon nanotubes by thiophene for use in organic photovoltaic cells, (2010) Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 94 (2), pp. 267-274
Stratakis, E., Giorgi, R., Barberoglou, M., Dikonimos, Th., Salernitano, E., Lisi, N., Kymakis, E. Three-dimensional carbon nanowall field emission arrays, (2010) Applied Physics Letters, 96 (4), art. no. 043110, [Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, 21, 6 (2010)]
Kymakis E. Chapter "Photovoltaic Devices Based on Carbon Nanotubes and Related Structures" (2010) Carbon Nanotubes & Related Structures, Editors D. Guldi and N. Martin Wiley-VCH, ISBN: 978-3-527-32406-4
Stratakis, E., Kymakis, E., Spanakis, E., Tzanetakis, P., Koudoumas, E. Polymer-nanotube composite mats with improved field emission performance and stability (2009) Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 11 (4), pp. 703-709
Kymakis, E., Kalykakis, S., Papazoglou, T.M. Performance analysis of a grid connected photovoltaic park on the island of Crete, (2009) Energy Conversion and Management, 50 (3), pp. 433-438
Vernardou, D., Vlachou, K., Spanakis, E., Stratakis, E., Katsarakis, N., Kymakis, E., Koudoumas, E. Influence of solution chemistry on the properties of hydrothermally grown TiO2 for advanced applications, (2009) Catalysis Today, 144 (1-2), pp. 172-176
Kymakis, E., Kornilios, N., Koudoumas, E. Carbon nanotube doping of P3HT : PCBM photovoltaic devices, (2008) Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 41 (16), art. no. 165110
Kymakis, E., Kalykakis, S., Papazoglou, T.M. A Photovoltaic's park performance on the island of Crete, (2008) Energija, Journal of Energy, 57, pp. 300-311
Kymakis, E., Koudoumas, E. P3HT/PCBM/SWNTs photovoltaic devices, (2008) Proc. of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, 6999, art. no. 69991N. v
Vaddiraju, S., Mathai, M., Kymakis, E., Papadimitrakopoulos, F. Radical salt-doped hole transporters in organic photovoltaic devices, (2007) Chemistry of Materials, 19 (16), pp. 4049-4055
Vernardou, D., Kenanakis, G., Couris, S., Koudoumas, E., Kymakis, E., Katsarakis, N. pH effect on the morphology of ZnO nanostructures grown with aqueous chemical growth, (2007) Thin Solid Films, 515 (24 ) pp. 8764-8767
Kymakis, E., Stratakis, E., Koudoumas, E. Integration of carbon nanotubes as hole transport electrode in polymer/fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells, (2007) Thin Solid Films, 515 (24.), pp. 8598-8600 [Sciencedirect Top 25 Hottest Articles, October-December 2007 & January-March 2008]
Kymakis, E., Servati, P., Tzanetakis, P., Koudoumas, E., Kornilios, N., Rompogiannakis, I., Franghiadakis, Y., Amaratunga, G.A.J. Effective mobility and photocurrent in carbon nanotube-polymer composite photovoltaic cells, (2007) Nanotechnology, 18 (43), art. no. 435702
Kymakis, E., Koudoumas, E., Franghiadakis, I., Amaratunga, G.A.J. Post-fabrication annealing effects in polymer-nanotube photovoltaic cells, (2006) Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 39 (6), art. no. 010, pp. 1058-1062
Kymakis, E., Amaratunga, G.A.J Electrical properties of single-wall carbon nanotube-polymer composite films, (2006) Journal of Applied Physics, 99 (8), art. no. 084302, [Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, 13, 17 (2006)]
Kymakis, E., Koudoumas, E., Franghiadakis, I, Bi-layer photovoltaic devices with PPQ as the electron acceptor layer, (2006) Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 90 (12), pp. 1705-1714
Kymakis , E., Klapsis, G., Koudoumas, E., Stratakis, E., Kornilios, N., Vidakis, N., Franghiadakis, Y Carbon nanotube/PEDOT:PSS electrodes for organic photovoltaics, (2006) EPJ Applied Physics, 36 (3), pp. 257-259
Kymakis, E. The impact of carbon nanotubes on solar energy conversion, (2006) Nanotechnology Law and Business, 3 (4), pp. 405-410
Kymakis, E., Amaratunga, G.A.J. Single-wall carbon nanotube/conjugated polymer photovoltaic devices, (2002) Applied Physics Letters, 80 (1), pp. 112-114. [Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, 5, 2 (2002)]
Dimitris Tsikritzis, Konstantinos Rogdakis, Konstantinos Chatzimanolis, Miloš Petrović, Nikos Tzoganakis, Leyla Najafi, Beatriz Martín-García, Reinier Oropesa-Nuñez, Sebastiano Bellani, Antonio Esaù Del Rio Castillo, Mirko Prato, Minas M. Stylianakis, Francesco Bonaccorso and Emmanuel Kymakis A two-fold engineering approach based on Bi2Te3 flakes towards efficient and stable inverted perovskite solar cells 2020
Alexandrou, I., Kymakis, E., Amaratunga, G.A.J. Polymer-nanotube composites: Burying nanotubes improves their field emission properties, (2002) Applied Physics Letters, 80 (8), pp. 1435-1437
Kymakis, E., Amaratunga, G.A.J., Alexandrou, I., Chhowalla, M., Milne, W.I. Photovoltaic response in poly(3-octylthiophene) based metal-semiconductor-metal diodes (2001) Proceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, 4108, pp. 112-116
Vohra A., Flewitt A.J., Kymakis E., Chhowalla M., Vardulakis G. , Amaratunga G.A.J., Milne W.I Tetrahedrally bonded Amorphous Carbon/a-Si:H Heterojunction Solar Cells, (2001) Proceedings of the 16th European Photovoltaics Conference, 1, pp.526-528
Kymakis, E., Alexandou, I., Amaratunga, G.A.J Single-walled carbon nanotube-polymer composites: Electrical, optical and structural investigation, (2002) Synthetic Metals, 127 (1-3), pp. 59-62 [Top 25 Hottest Articles, July-September 2008]
Kymakis, E., Alexandrou, I., Amaratunga, G.A.J. High open-circuit voltage photovoltaic devices from carbon-nanotube-polymer composites, (2003) Journal of Applied Physics, 93 (3), pp. 1764-1768
Kymakis, E., Amaratunga, G.A.J. Photovoltaic cells based on dye-sensitisation of single-wall carbon nanotubes in a polymer matrix, (2003) Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 80 (4), pp. 465-472. [Fuel and Energy Abstracts, 45, 6, 382, (2004)]
Kymakis, E., Amaratunga, G.A.J. Optical properties of polymer-nanotube composites,(2004) Synthetic Metals, 142 (1-3), pp. 161-167. [Sciencedirect Top 25 Hottest Articles, July-September 2004]
Bhattacharyya, S., Kymakis, E., Amaratunga, G.A.J. Photovoltaic properties of dye functionalized single-wall carbon nanotube/conjugated polymer devices, (2004) Chemistry of Materials, 16 (23), pp. 4819-4823
Kymakis, E., Amaratunga, G.A.J. Carbon nanotubes as electron acceptors in polymeric photovoltaics, (2005) Reviews on Advanced Materials Science, 10 (4), pp. 300-305

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Mediaand press presence


Our key facilities include the following laboratories of total 500 m2: a Wet chemistry b Surface and electrical characterization and c Research line for organic and hybrid photovoltaics fabrication. The new established PVs dedicated line consists of two fully automatic controlled glove boxes. Solvent glove box with spin coater, UV/ozone cleaner and hot plates. Dry glove box with integrated metal vapour deposition system, in-situ probe station, solar simulator and quantum efficiency setup.
In addition to the above, there are available facilities in a shared basis through a momentum of collaboration with IESL, FORTH: Various ultrafast (femtosecond & picosecond) laser sources, TEM, FESEM/EDX, SEC, AFM, micro-Raman and UPS/XPS



Graphene Core1 Graphene-based disruptive technologies
Project ID: 696656
Funded under: H2020-EU.1.2. - EXCELLENT SCIENCE - Future and Emerging Technologies (FET)
NSRF 2014-2020 projects

1) Low cost inkjet printable perovskite solar glass panels (PrintWin)
Project No:T1ΔΚ-0108

2) Alternative smart ocular implants with controlled ophthalmic pharmacokinetics (EOF)
Project No: Τ1ΕΔΚ-02024

3) Novel NanoCarbon 2D Materials for Efficient and Stable High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (CARBENIUS)
Project No: Τ2ΔΓΕ-0488
RTDI State Aid Action: Bilateral RTD cooperation between Greece and Germany


Plasmonic nanoparticles for efficient, stable and cheap organic photovoltaic devices



Graphene-Based Revolutions in ICT And Beyond
Project ID: 604391
Funded under:  FP7-ICT


Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP)



Erasmus LLP Multilateral Programme

Organic Electronics and Applications


HINT Project

COST MP1202: Rational design of hybrid organic-inorganic interfaces: the next step towards advanced functional materials



Flexible field emission elements based on micro/nano graphitic nanostructures

Research Funding Program: ARCHIMEDES III


Nanostructured hybrid solar cells